We hereby want to issue our regrets regarding the untimely and shocking death of Alexei Navalny, one of the last free voices of Russia.

The board of Baltic Writers Council

The Belarus Event and BCWT 30 years!

This year’s General Assembly will be in less than a week! During the weekend we offer two special events, the Belarus event and the celebration of BCWT 30 years, see info below.

Warmly welcome!

“Writers from Belarus at the Almedalen Library!

Hanna Jankuta, Barys Pyatrovich, Dmitry Strotsev are coming to Visby to read their poetry at the Almedalen Library.

They will also participate in a round table discussion on freedom of expression and literature in Belarus. The authors are invited by Baltic Writers’ Council in cooperation with Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators, and the discussion will take place in connection with Council’s general assembly.

The Baltic Writers’ Council is an association of 21 writers’ and translators’ organisations in the Baltic Sea countries and Nordic region, and has its home in Visby at the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators.

Moreover, the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators celebrates 30 years with a public round table discussion about power of literature, “a room of one’s own”, worrying times, freedom of expression, cultural diplomacy and BCWT’s role and place in the midst of all that.

Plenty of the Baltic Sea!”

Agenda for GA 2023

MAY 4th–7th, 2023
(Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators, Uddens gränd 3, 62156 Visby, Sweden)

Thursday May 4th 2023

Informal gathering at the Centre at 19.30 Friday May 5th 2023

Friday May 5th 2023

10 –14 General Assembly

Opening of the General Assembly. Short presentation of every participant.

Approval of an Agenda.

Election of the chairperson and secretary of the GA.

Activity report by Malin Kivelä, the Chair of BWC.

Membership questions. Membership fee for the following year.

BCWT news by Lena Pasternak, director of BCWT.

Reports from member organisations.

14.30 Lunch at Jessens Saluhall

16–18 Round table discussion on literature and freedom of expression in Belarus. Participate: Barys Pjatrovitj, Alena Makouskaja, Nina Sjydlouskaja, Hanna Yankuta and Dmitrij Strotsev Moderator: Ann Wikström. At the Centre.

19–20 Poetry readings. Belarus. At Almedal library. Barys Pjatrovitj, Hanna Yankuta and Dmitrij Strotsev

~20.30 Dinner at the Centre.

Saturday May 6th 2023

10 – 14 General Assembly

Treasurer’s report by Mudite Treimane the Treasurer of BWC.

Auditor’s report.

Approval of the finances of BWC and budget for 2023.

Reports from member organisations.

Election of an auditor.

Plans for the next year.

Other issues.

Date of the next GA.

Closing the GA.

14.30 Lunch at Jessens Saluhall

17–19 BCWT 30 years. Reflections and Insights. Public round table. Location to be announced later.

An international round table discussion about the power of literature, „a room of one’s own“, worrying times, freedom of expression, cultural diplomacy and BCWT’s place and role in the midst.

~19.30 Festive dinner
Get together at the Centre after dinner… 

Sunday May 7th 2023

Free time/ Departure

Country Reports from the Member Organisations 2022


Baltic Writers Council (BWC), General Assembly 6–7 May  2022 

Country Reports

Ville Hytönen (The Union of Finnish Writers) 

On behalf of the Union of Finnish Writers, I would like to greet our colleagues in the Baltic Sea in these terrible times of scare and havoc of humanism. 

We all hope that our prestigious Sea will long live in peace. 

Shortly about Our Writers union: We represent about 820 professional writers of all fiction genres. Union was founded 1897. Our task is to strengthen the professional position of authors and promote Finnish literature.

The main topics that we quickly added to these conversations are related to copyrights and audiobooks. 

1. As we all know, the popularity of audio books in nordic countries has given us a lot of new questions about the revenues, the income of the writers. 

The most recent win for writers ’rights came this year when we made loanable ebooks and audiobooks eligible for library compensation. In these terms we are also interested in compensation in other countries for e-books. 

In Finnish writers unions magazine “Kirjailija” we also made an issue considering audio books. In this issue there was also perspective… or point of view of the Swedish Writers Union. 

Two main Swedish audio literature distributors BookBeat and Storytel are also the main audiobook companies in Finland, as well they own three of the four biggest publishing labels in our home country. For these reasons we are interested in how BookBeat and Storytel do work in your literature market. 

2. During these days we are undergoing the reform of the copyright law in Finland, mostly because of the implementation of the DSM directive. So we are discussing possibilities of the collective agreement about minimum compensations with publishers. 

As a former publisher I remember that we have had some kind of proposal templates to publishing agreements about 15 years ago but maybe it will be possible to deal with the law. 

3. In Finnish Writers Union we are undergoing a change as our long-term Verksamhetsledare, executive manager, has moved to other positions and we are looking for a new manager now. 

In this intermission of the opera play called representing Finnish writers, we, members of the board, are here to present all the roles for these acts. 

Alexander Løken (Norwegian Writers for Children)

Norske Barne- og Ungdomsbokforfattere (Norwegian Writers for Children) was founded in 1947 and has 387 members (as of May 2022). NBU is an independent association. The purpose of the association is to safeguard the professional and financial interests of Norwegian authors of children´s fiction-literature, as well as to protect and promote Norwegian children’s literature.

The NBU is mainly financed through collectively collected fees, including Biblioteksvederlaget (library fees) which are distributed via the Norwegian Writers ‘and Translators’ Fund (NFOF) as individual stipends, scholarships, as well as funds for administration and various activities for writers.

Membership is open to all authors residing in Norway, as well as Norwegian authors residing abroad, when they alone or in equal collaboration with another author have written at least two children’s or young adult books (fiction) which, regardless of written language, have been purchased by the Norwegian Cultural Council.

Other applicants with a minimum of two books are assessed by NBU’s literary council according to further guidelines.

NBU’s motto: The best books for the most important readers.


1) NBU shall ensure good laws and collective agreements for the authors.

2) NBU shall provide advice and assistance to authors to safeguard their professional rights and needs.

3) NBU will work to ensure that more people can make a living from being children’s books and Young Adult authors.

4) The NBU shall be a visible and clear player in cultural policy and public debate to promote children´s literature and the authors’ interests.

5) The NBU shall be the most important academic and social environment for authors of children´s and YA-fiction.

6) The NBU shall contribute to Norwegian literature for children and young adults reaching more readers and being world-class in terms of quality.

Current issues: 

– The Norwegian book law

– The national reading strategy

– Negotiating a collective agreement for use of books in digital school libraries and learning materials

– Updating and renegotiating the standard contracts

– Working for an increase in fees for speaking engagements and school visits

– Aiding Ukrainian refugees and writers

– Working for pension and social rights for writers

Negotiation: Audiobooks in streaming

In January 2021, NBU started negotiations on an association agreement (standard contract) for audio books in streaming services with the Norwegian Publishers’ Association.

In the first negotiation meetings, we were concerned with gaining insight into the streaming services ‘statistics, mapping young listeners’ user patterns and seeing how different remuneration models could affect the income of authors of children´s books. At the same time DnF and FF were negotiation their own agreement.

Before Christmas of 2020, the NBU warned its members that Storytel wanted to go from unit price-based royalties to a time-based model. This would drastically affect the children and youth book authors, especially the authors of the shortest books. When we arrived at the negotiating table, the message from the publishers was clear: They wanted a time model, and the starting point was just over 1 kroner per hour.

The NBU worked hard in the first months to avoid a time model that would drastically reduce members’ incomes. The NBU insisted that literature is not by the meter, and that the length of the book should not be what determines its artistic value. After many rounds and hard pressure from the NBU, we received the good news that Storytel Norway decided to move away from the plan for a time model and preserve the unit price model. We are currently the only country in the world that has a unit price agreement with Storytel.

Another important point of negotiation was the problem of repeated listening – that is, that a subscriber listens to the same book several times, and how this should be remunerated. There has been a concern among publishers that the shortest children’s books receive a disproportionate number of repeated listens. In order not to incur a fee for repeated listens, we still had to accept a somewhat lower fee rate for the very shortest books.

In the last phases of the negotiation rounds, the NBU collaborated with DnF and the Norwegian Writers’ Association. An agreement was made to set up a joint technical calculation committee for literature which will collect data from the subscription services and present relevant statistics. It was also agreed that the parties can meet for annual renegotiations.

Heidi Marie Kriznik (Norwegian Authors’ Union) 

Norwegian Authors’ Union, founded in 1893, has about 700 members, and is an association for authors of works of fiction for adults. Its aim is to promote Norwegian literature and uphold the interests of Norwegian fiction writers. Both members and non-members can apply for grants and receive support and legal advice from the union. When The Norwegian Authors’ Union celebrated their 100 year anniversary in 1993, the Ministry of Culture gave the union an annual gift in the form of the Freedom of Expression Prize Today, the award is worth 200 000 Norwegian kroner. The prize is given annually to a Norwegian or foreign author who has excelled in their work for freedom of expression and tolerance in the broadest sense. The winner of the award is selected by The Norwegian Authors’ Union international committee.  DnF’s operating costs are covered by collective funds, primarily from the Public Lending Right scheme, Norwaco, and Kopinor. 



With the change of government in 2021, a booklaw was again possible and is now being discussed between the parts in the bookindustry. 

In Norway, we have fixed prices on books only by an exception from the Norwegian competition law and the fixed prices has been debated a lot. The new government has promised a booklaw and that will secure the fixed prices. The fixed prices are crucial for the authors, while the fixed prices decides their basis for royalties and gives the authors some economical predictability. The Norwegian Authors’ union are in dialogue with the government and have had several meetings. A law proposal will be presented for the parliament this autumn and there will be a public parliament enquiry. We are told that the booklaw can be implemented January 2023.     


Standard contracts 

The standard contracts in Norway define the rights and obligations of the given writer and publisher. The agreements ensure for example that authors published by a publisher who is a member of the Norwegian Publishers Association are entitled to royalties in line with the current rates. However, we have seen that the publishers are lowering the authors’ royalties, and the basis for their royalties without any negotiation between unions/associations. The Norwegian Authors’ Union and Norwegian Writers for Children have spent a lot of time discussing and debating the publisher’s extension.    


Linked to the previous description of the misuse of our standard contracts, The Norwegian Authors’ union look forward to work for a good implementation of the DSM-directive to achieve more balance between the publishers, the streaming of audiobooks, and the authors, as well as to achieve more transparency into the money flow.  

Copyright law 

The CRM directive which was implemented into Norwegian legislation in 2021 has been a source of concern for The Norwegian Authors union – as well as the other authors organizations – due to the changes it inflicts on the distribution of funds allocated to the authors organizations through collective management organizations.  

Other activities

Under the pandemic situation many writers lost income and honoraries when arrangement were cancelled. The Norwegian Authors union wanted to find new ways to give authors income, and applied to Art Council Norway and got support for our plan, which were to have a pool of authors to be digital lent out for free to reading circles and bookgroups in Norway. The meetings with the author was digital, on zoom or TEAMS, and the author of course got paid.We did these in both 2020 og 2021.  


The Freedom of Expression Prize: In 2021 The Freedom of Expression Prize was given to the Belarusian poets Dmitri Strotsev and Hanna Komar. In march this year the price was given to the Kurdish author Ilhan Comac and the turkian author Ahmed Altan. 

The Norwegian Authors union has had contact with the Belarusian writers since 2017 and every year we send a Norwegian author to join the writing school or/and the festivals. This year the Stralcou poetry festival was arranged in Vilnius, of reasons we all know, and the Norwegian poet Bendik Vada participated and read on the festival. 

Last year we started to cooperate with afghan writers in Norway together with the Norwegian non-fiction writers association. This year we arranged a seminar titled How can Norwegian readers get to know afghan literature? Both publishers, translators, authors and Norwegian pen among others were invited. 

Hilde Lyng (Norwegian Association of Literary Translators)  

Founded in 1948, 340 members who translate from 45 languages into Norwegian and from Norwegian into 17 different languages

Membership requirement: two published fiction translations (books, plays) judged by a vetting committee to hold sufficient quality, or one translation judged by a vetting committee, as well as proof of a production of three translations over the previous four years 

Organises annual three-day members’ seminar in the autumn, annual end of year meeting, AGM, all attended by approximately a third of the members

Awards the Bastian prizes

Provides legal advice and support for members and other literary translators 

Represents literary translators in a number of national organisations, federations, committees


Copyright law 

We share quite a few of the same concerns as other European organizations regarding the DSM directive. But Norwegian writers and translators already has have an exemption from the competition legislation and are allowed to enter collective bargaining agreements. 

The CRM directive which was implemented into Norwegian legislation in 2021 has been a source of concern for NO – as well as the other authors organizations – due to the changes it inflicts on the distribution of funds allocated to the authors organizations through collective management organizations. 

The implementation of the Marrakesh Treaty will also effect the compensation for production and use of audio books for persons who are blind, visually impaired or otherwise print-disabled.  


NO and the artists network Kunstnernettverket, consisting of 19 artists organisations, are working towards better welfare schemes for freelance cultural workers. In the wake of the pandemic the main focus is on establishing better sickness benefits, as well as a permanent unemployment compensation for self-employed cultural workers. A bill with the aim to put such a scheme into effect was passed in the Parliament in March 2022. The network is also working on improving pension schemes for freelancers, in addition NO has its own task force working towards the same goal, more specifically for wage earning freelancers. 


The new standard contract for fiction and non-fiction translations, negotiated between NO and NFFO on one side and The Norwegian Publishers Organization on the other, took effect in January 2020. The contract covers e-books, audio books and streaming (of both e-books and audio books), as well as traditional paper books. NO has also negotiated new agreements with the collective management organization Kopinor and the Association of Norwegian Theatres and Orchestras. NO has also been involved in the central PLR negotiations with the Ministry of Culture. 

It turns out that a new publisher on the Norwegian market, Swedish Bonnier, has made their own interpretation of the contract regarding audio books from backlist. Moreover they have published more than 50 audiobooks without paying the translator, and thus violating the copyright legislation

The Norwegian PLR (Public lending rights remuneration) differs from most other countries’ PLR in that it is not copyright based and thus distributed to individual copyright holders but is rather a part of Norwegian cultural politics and is allotted to artists organizations, which in their turn distribute the remuneration as grants and other subsidies, as well as the running of the organizations. It is the most important source of income for the literary organizations.

As a result of the modern library ideology of scrapping, as well as the closure of smaller, local libraries, the model for PLR allocation needed renovation, and a new PLR agreement between the authors organizations and the Ministry of Culture was negotiated and settled in 2019. The sum allocated to PLR is now calculated based on items in the National Library (rather than on loans from all libraries as in some other countries) and is adjusted according to the consumer price index. The new model secures a year by year growth in the remuneration. The agreement was prolonged for the period 2021-2024 and is then to be evaluated. 


NO has two dedicated lobby groups that work with improving state welfare schemes and strengthening the library purchase schemes respectively. 


Courses and seminars

In November 2021 NO organised a seminar for translators of romantic and crime fiction, and in February 2022 a seminar for translators of children’s and YA literature was held. In January we organized a seminar on translators rights, welfare and mental health: “How to Become Rich and Happy as a Translator”, and a seminar on poetry translation will be held in 2022. NOs seminars are open to members and non-members alike.


NOs flagship project, NOleks, the Norwegian Translators Encyclopedia, was initiated in 2016 and now comprises more than 140 articles, both biographical and thematical, about late translators and translations. In 2020 The Norwegian Non-Fiction Writers and Translators Association (NFFO) entered as a partner in the project, and the project has also received support from the Arts Council, the Freedom of Speech Foundation and the Goethe-Institut. In collaboration with University of Oslo NO arranged the seminar Translators and Translations Through History in January 2022. 

Workshop for authors in exile

In September, during the Kapittel festival in Stavanger which focuses on freedom of speech, NO organised a workshop for authors in exile in collaboration with PEN Norway. For two days four authors collaborate closely with four translators on the a translation of a short text, which is then presented at a public happening on the second evening. The concept has proved very successful, and last year’s workshop was the seventh so far. Funded among others by the Arts Council and The Freedom of Speech Foundation.

Festival presence

NO was also present with a literary programme at Norwegian Festival of Literature (Lillehammer, May 2021 – in 2020 a digital programme) Bjørnson Festival (Molde, August 2021) and LitFest Bergen – Bergen International Literary Festival (Bergen, January 2022). NO also participated in a panel about diversity in translation at the Good Night Oslo Festival (Oslo, August 2021) 

International prescence

NO presented two papers at the Conference Northern Winds of Change, organized by 

Překladatelé Severu (Translators of the North) in Prague in April 2022. 

International membership

The Baltic Writers and Translators Council (BWC), Conseil Européen des Associations de Traducteurs Littéraires (CEATL), Féderation Internationale des Traducteurs (FIT), 

International Authors Forum (IAF), Nordic Council of Authors and Translators (NFOR) and Nordic Translators Network (NORNE). 

Marius Burokas (Lithuanian Writers’ Union) 

According to the latest figures, the Lithuanian Writers’ Union has 353 members, of which 5 do not have the Status of Art Creator, meaning they do not have a right to vote. The number of true Union members is 348 (141 women and 212 men), which means that the number of members is decreasing. For comparison, 18 years ago, in 2002, the Lithuanian Writers’ Union had 373 members. However, 13 new members have joined the Union in just this year and the year before.

The last two years of the pandemic have seen the Lithuanian Writers’ Union become more modern and pursue different avenues of activity; perhaps it was the pandemic that prompted the Union to build a more active presence on the internet and social media. The Union has become involved in numerous audio and visual projects with its writers. An updated version of the LWU website was developed, addressing technical aspects with more modern solutions, which gave the website a fresher design and made it more convenient to its users. Its writer database was also updated with new information and photographs of the writers.

The Lithuanian Writers’ Union also launched its podcast called Rašytnamis, which has already aired 7 episodes of its contemporary literature show “Žmonės ir tekstai” (People and Texts, audio recordings are available on Podbean, Spotify, 15min Klausyk, and Based on the episodes 7 articles were written and published on and Eighteen artists and other professionals were involved in the process. 

The Lithuanian Writers’ Union conducted and published a cycle of 12 original interviews with creative literary professionals called “Viršukalnės ir buitis” (Mountaintops and Households), which were supplemented with professional photographs of the interviewees. The interviews were uploaded on and the news portal of the Union’s information partner 15min.

The Union has also prepared a cycle of lessons on literature, which were designed to accommodate the interests of students of secondary and third education institutions, their teachers, as well as anyone curious about poetry and prose. The project team led by poet Indrė Valantinaitė recorded 21 lessons, where well-known Lithuanian writers discuss Lithuanian literature as well as their own writing and the ways in which readers can understand works of poetry and prose. These lessons are not only an excellent educational tool for Lithuanian schools but also hold significant cultural value. The project, sadly, had to be put on hold, as it has not received any funding this year from the Lithuanian Council for Culture.

The LWU continued to work with young artists. The Union organized its “Summer Academy” creative workshop in Anykščiai for sixteen 9th–12th grade pupils from schools across Lithuania, where they attended lectures, seminars, and courses taught by professionals from various creative fields. The Union also organized five open mic readings “Literatūrinis sprintas” (Literary Sprint), where more than 120 beginner writers of all age groups read their original works in front of an audience (three of the events were conducted remotely, one was held in Vilnius, and one in Nida).

The continued activities of the network of Baltic literary organizations were successful: during the course of festivals organized in 2021, members of the network met five times to share their experience in organizing literary festivals (twice in Lithuania, twice in Estonia and once in Latvia). The meetings in Lithuania were organized during the 2021 Poetry Spring and Druskininkai Poetic Fall festivals, including four readings by Baltic authors.

Six professional writers and translators from Lithuania participated in three translation workshops organized at more than one Baltic studies center, which were attended by 35 young translators seeking to perfect their craft.

The Lithuanian Writers’ Union worked together with the Estonian Writers’ Union, Latvian Writers’ Union, the Latvian Literature organization, and cultural magazines The Vilnius Review and Estonian Literary Magazine (ELM) on founding the first yearly magazine No More Amber – The Baltic Literary Review, which publishes work by authors from all three Baltic States and the first edition of which was published in July 2021. In addition to being founded and having published its first issue, the magazine also has an active presence on social media (Facebook, Instagram) and has its own website at No More Amber was presented on five occasions at various Baltic and international literary events. The second issue of the magazine is currently in the works.

Other activities

The LWU has organized book launches for three Kartvelian anthologies, involving more than 20 professional artists.

The Lithuanian Writers’ Union founded its annual “Centenary Award,” the first recipient of which was writer Vytautas Martinkus, who received the award for his intellectually charged and meaning-driven prose, dignified attitude, and public artistic efforts.

The cultural press of the LWU has also managed to survive the pandemic period. It still publishes its biweekly literary magazine Literatūra ir menas as well as the monthly Metai. Both of these magazines have had their websites updated. Also still flourishing is The Vilnius Review, an online magazine for Lithuanian literature in English that publishes works by Lithuanian authors and has also released its paperback anthologies both in 2020 and 2021.

In spite of the COVID pandemic in 2020 and 2021, the annual Poetry Spring and Poetic Druskininkai Fall literary festivals were still held, although because of the pandemic, Poetry Spring was moved to the summer, held in the months of July and early August in 2020 and 2021, respectively. Effort was put to maintain both the number of events and the structural integrity of the festivals. However, the number of foreign guests, understandably, was much smaller and consisted of writers from neighboring countries (Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Hungary).

In 2021, the publishing house of the LWU published 57 new books: 13 poetry books, 17 Lithuanian prose and 27 foreign authors’ books, and 4 children’s books. The Lithuanian Council for Culture provided funding for publishing 28 of these books in 2021 and 26 in 2020.

The Lithuanian Writers’ Union is planning to rejuvenate its physical presence as well: it is currently preparing two funding projects for the renovation of the Palace premises belonging to the Union. One of these projects will be submitted to the Department of Lithuanian Culture, while the other will be put forward through European Union funding programs.

Tiit Aleksejev (Estonian Writers Union

Estonian Writers Union unites fiction writers, translators, literary scholars, altogether we have 330 members. The authors who apply for membershipo, they need belonging to an organization and validation of their works. We live on our rent income and are independent from the state. COVID has affected the situation, rent income has decreased. In 2022 October we will celebrate 100th anniversary of EWU. We also have established our own youtube channel where recordings of literary events are dissiminated. We have good connection Finnish writers and collaboration with  Baltic  authors (journal “No More Amber“). Withe help of private money and Estonian Cultural Endowment it has been possible to create project Hieronymus  that supports translating classical literature. Estonian state provides 5 salaries for writerss a year (with social guarantees). EWU is supporting  friends from Ukraine and Belorus. As a recap, we can say that EWU unites trade union field with mission based field

Anna Klingofer-Szosatkowska (Polish Assciation of Literary Translators) 

Since 2020, that is since the beginning of the pandemic, many activities have changed both in form and the number of participants. Most meetings and literary events, such as discussions, workshops, seminars, as well as book fairs, took part online. Now we are slowly returning to the off-line environment. The landscape of our activities has been greatly impacted by the war in Ukraine, with all the organizations being involved in providing support for the refugees.

1. Working Conditions Survey Results: Between 13th January and 9th February 2020, the Polish Literary Translators Association conducted an extensive survey on translators’ working conditions, based on 550 contracts submitted by 196 respondents (about 20% of active literary translators). It concerned elements such as fees, contracts, copyright and license regulations, gender gap, and the impact of membership in a professional organization on the situation of a translator. This year we are preparing a new edition of the survey, and planning to make it a regular activity.

2. In 2020, together with writers and illustrators, we have entered discussions with a group of publishers, with the intention of reaching an agreement on minimal requirements and a code of good practice. We have formulated our expectations and are currently awaiting comments from the publishers as well as their own set of expectations. We are hoping to have a preliminary agreement by autumn.

3. Since 2021, we have been providing legal aid for our members, in cases regarding contracts, copyright infringement, or other legal disputes between translators and publishers. Our association finances the first consultation with a lawyer, and the translator involved is obliged to summarise their conclusions to the board.

4. At the central level, in 2020-2021, we organized various workshops and training for our members, on topics such as Building self-confidence, negotiating, relations with clients, Translator-editor collaboration, or Feminine forms, loanwords, youth language, as well as physiotherapy. Currently, we are preparing a workshop about the effects of the pandemic on professional burnout. 

5. Every year we participated in book fairs in major cities, such as: Warsaw, Gdańsk, Kraków, and Poznań, with panel discussions, workshops, and other activities. In 2020, the events were organized online, in 2021 they had a hybrid form, with only some organized online. This year, in cooperation with NORLA, we will host a panel discussion and a workshop on the situation of literary translators in Poland and Norway.

6. Local divisions of the Polish Literary Translators Association organized various events promoting the visibility of translators, the most popular in the last year being „Przekład przed publikacją” and „Przekład przed korektą” – readings of translated works before publication and discussions with translators about their  translation process

7. Every year in October we celebrate International Translation Day, in Warsaw in cooperation with EUNIC, and in other cities with more and more cultural institutions interested in promoting the role of the translator in the creative process. In 2020, the celebrations took the form of an online translators’ gallery, covering most of the European languages, and in 2021 we returned to in-person meetings with a two-day event.

8. In cooperation with our fellow Polish writers’ organization, the Literary Union, we have organized an information hub for Ukrainian writers and translators, providing information on housing, funding, and collaboration options, and connecting them with Polish writers and translators who offer help with everyday issues. 

9. We have participated in organizing literary residencies in Warsaw, Kraków, and Gdańsk. At the moment, the second round of the literary residency programme for writers, playwrights, and translators in Warsaw is open to authors from Belarus and Ukraine, with the support of Staromiejski Dom Kultury. 

10. We have been forced to limit our expenses in the nearest years due to the economic situation (as our only source of income are membership fees). 

Barys Piatrovich (The Union of Belarusian Writers) 

The Union of Belarusian Writes was shut down by government in 2021. Nevertheless the activities of the union continued unofficially. The authors write in Belarusian and Russian languages, there is also a section of Ukrainian writers. Some authors act as regional writers. There are no book launches, the gatherings are forbidden. The books of the Belarusian authors are published in Poland. The Union of Belarusian Writers tries to find ways to register the organization abroad as international Belarusian Writers’ organisation. The have been collaboration with other countries – Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Sweden. We thank for the support. 

Anna-Säflund Orstadius (Swedish Writers Union) 

Directors’ report

Annual report drawn up in Swedish kronor by the thousand, TSEK.

 Swedish Writers’ Association – Business Year 2021

According to its charter, the Swedish Writers’ Association must protect freedom of expression and strengthen the ability of its members to work professionally as writers and translators. In 2021, the Board of Directors chose to focus its work in this area on

– Increase the value of books – Following developments and meeting the challenges of the digital book market with regard to copyright, contracts and remuneration.

– Strengthen cultural policy to include sharp proposals concerning the role of literature and libraries in society – By continuing the debate and maintaining dialogue until the 2022 elections.

– Look after the financial interests of authors and translators by giving them increased access to social security and public reimbursement systems. 

– The association should be perceived as a relevant and important organisation for professional authors and translators, both now and in the future.


Covid-19 continued to affect the association in 2021, just as it did the rest of society. In accordance with the advice of the government, staff have largely been working from home.  Most meetings and events have been held digitally, which reduced travel and accommodation expenses. However, the annual meeting in August could be held in person as usual in Stockholm due to a relief in the infection numbers and a lifting of the most strict restrictions. Furthermore, as a result of the pandemic, the association has granted rent discounts to tenants (restaurants and guesthouses) and received partial compensation for this measure via the state aid that was provided at the beginning of the year. 

Announcements and use of scholarships has also been impacted by the pandemic as scholarship recipients have not been able to travel as planned. As such, we have chosen to delay the majority of the scholarships. It should also be mentioned that the property in Athens owned by the association has unfortunately been subjected to multiple cases of vandalism and burglary. This is also a result of the pandemic as the property is located in an area that has been more or less uninhabited due to restrictions.

The crisis fund that was set up in the spring of 2020 through contributions from multiple authors, foundations and publishers was also able to distribute smaller amounts to authors and translators in acute financial situations due to the pandemic in 2021.


In 2021, negotiations have been held with a publisher concerning translation agreements. Discussions are also ongoing with other publishers on the author’s side. 

The Writers’ Association have also been part of two committees regarding the implementation of the DSM Directive. The committee has submitted its proposal and following a period of intense work analysing the proposals, a statement was submitted in December 2021. 

We have also participated in the evaluation of the Private Copying Levy. We are also currently working on the so called Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market. We have also handled issues concerning hybrid publishers, as we have received many queries regarding this in our consultations. Advice and information on this matter are now available on our website. Consultations with members and debutantes continues.

We were happy to learn that the talking book allowance subsidy was raised to SEK 12,169,000 in 2021, with administrative deductions being applied. The talking book multiple for the 2020 production year was SEK 0.56. (the 2017 level was SEK 0.95) per half hour of original prose. As the use of talking books is becoming more common, the Association continues to petitions for a higher allowance.

The Swedish Writers’ Association has also continued working to elevate public opinion of the value of books, with the aim of highlighting how copyright and remuneration are being eroded in the digital market, not least through the increased importance of streaming services.

The library remuneration rate for loans at the library is renegotiated every two years between the state and the literary authors. The outcome of the 2021 negotiations is that the remuneration rate is raised by SEK 0.08 to SEK 2 for 2022 and then by an additional SEK 0.04 for 2023. This amounts to a total increase of SEK 3,696,000. As representatives for the author organisations, we would have liked to see a larger increase. Therefore, another important outcome from the negotiations has been that policy makers share our analysis of the expanded lending of e-books and the increased digitisation has changed the conditions for the library remuneration rate, and that we were promised a more in-depth dialogue on the issue in the autumn ahead of upcoming negotiations.

Substantive political work

In 2021, two of the Authors’ Association’s focal areas have provided guidance for the work, those being

– Strengthen cultural policy to include sharp proposals concerning the role of literature and libraries in society by continuing the debate and maintaining dialogue until the 2022 elections.

– Look after the financial interests of authors and translators by giving them increased access to social security and public reimbursement systems.

In 2021, many investigations that are important to the association have been circulated for comment. These include investigations concerning income qualifying for sickness allowance (SGI), the DSM Directive (a directive intended to further harmonise EU copyright law in order to facilitate a common internal market for digital use of copyrighted material), blank media tax (PKE), relief for micro businesses, deposit copy, the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market, and the “Restart Investigation” (“Återstartsutredningen”). The Writers’ Association has actively worked on all of these and have submitted its own statements on the matter in most cases.   The Swedish Writers’ Association is also a member of KLYS (the Swedish Joint Committee for Artistic and Literary Professionals) and is involved in both the organisation’s board and various working groups.

Another priority area for the Writers’ Association has been to continue to follow, petition and debate the situation with public libraries, the proposal for a national library strategy and the school library investigation.

The Writers’ Association continues to work with regional observers in counties that are revising their regional cultural plans, and in Sápmi. The main task is to monitor and influence how the word area is safeguarded in regional cultural plans, as well as specifically for the Sámi representative, to help improve the conditions for Sámi literature in Sweden and increase understanding of Sápmi as a cultural and cross-national region. There is also a council for Sámi literature. Three statements regarding regional cultural plans have been submitted during the year.

During the year, the association has also recruited a literary policy secretary to strengthen the association’s efforts.

Freedom of speech

The work is carried out on an ongoing basis, for example through the defence of freedom of expression in Sweden and globally, as well as work to promote minority language literature. The area includes efforts to combat threats and hatred, as well as support initiatives for vulnerable individual literary authors, including ICORN authors. 

During 2021, the Swedish Writers’ Association continued its collaboration with Svenska Pen and others to push for the release of Dawit Isaak and Gui Minhai. Numerous debate articles were published, and public demonstrations were organised. The association has also followed the situation for authors, translators and cultural workers in Belarus in a close dialogue with peers from the country and from the rest of Europe. Tragically, our sister organisation in Belarus was liquidated on 1 October 2021.

Organisation and events

Much this activity in 2021 had to be conducted digitally due to the Corona pandemic. At the semi-digital Book and Library Fair in September, the association arranged a full-day programme which will be publicly available at our website until the end of the year. As in previous years, “Rum för Översättning “ (“Room for Translation”) was arranged, but this time the event was held at the semi-digital Book and Library Fair.

Over the course of the year, a number of digital courses for members have been organised, in part with support from the Swedish Arts Council. The association also launched a member survey regarding income, editions and formats. The results from the survey will be processed and presented in 2022.

At the association’s annual general meeting for 2021, the members once again demonstrated their confidence in Grethe Rottböll, who was re-elected as President of the Swedish Writers’ Association. The meeting was planned for May but was delayed until August and could be held as normal (almost) at the ABF building in Stockholm. The Board of Directors held 11 meetings during 2021, most of which were conducted remotely as digital meetings. Co-opted from the sections, the Library Council and the International Council participated in working committee meetings as well as the annual strategy meeting. 

There were a number of changes on the personnel side. Jon Dahlén and Ulrika Nyh resigned from their positions as association lawyers in the spring of 2021. In their stead, Maria Wande and Åsa Anesäter took up the positions as association lawyers in March and August respectively. Ludvig Berggren assumed the position of literary policy secretary in June, filling the vacancy left by lawyer Ana Rahbari who resigned from the position in 2020.


During the year, the Board of Directors initiated a review of the association’s capital and investments, which resulted in an updated investment policy and a change of asset manager. This resulted in capital gains and unbudgeted revenues.

The association’s property on Drottninggatan 88B-C is in need of renovation and a maintenance plan has been drafted. According to said plan, 2021 has seen improvements made to the roof for safety and sweeping reasons. All windows have also been renovated and painted externally.


Jenni Kaven (Finnish Association of Translators and Interpreters) 

SKTL basics:

• Founded in 1955 

• The oldest association representing translators and interpreters in Finland

• Approximately 1,750 members, including 355 professional literary translators (fiction, non-fiction)

• Other members in different sections (I-V): specialized/document translators; court, conference and community interpreters; audio-visual translators; researchers or teachers in the field of translation/interpreting; student members

• Office in Helsinki 

• Local sections in other cities: Tampere, Turku, Vaasa

• Member of 19 national associations or organs and 9 international associations or organs (for example FIT, EULITA, AVTE, CEATL, BWC. In 2021: a board member on FIT Council, Pia von Essen)

• SKTL’s researchers’ and teachers’ sections symposia publication MikaEL was accepted a member of the Council of Editors of Translation and Interpreting Studies for Open Science.

SKTL Board in 2021: 1 person from each section and local branch

Sirpa Alkunen, president

Taina Helkamo, literary translators’ section

Laura Pascual, specialized translators’ section

Juhana Korhonen, AV translators’ section

Ruta Rannat, interpreters’ section

Esa Penttilä, teachers’ and researchers’ section, vice president

Pia von Essen, Tampere local branch

Aulikki Vuola, Turku local branch

Gun-Viol Vik, Vaasa local branch

Office: 3 full-time, 3 part-time, 1 trainee


SKTL promotes the conditions and valuation of translation and interpreting in Finland. It is in contact with authorities, cultural organizations, businesses, and trade organizations. SKTL provides on-demand guidance and pre-arranged training sessions on, for example, negotiations and contract issues for its members, as well as a community of professionals that makes up a prominent networking forum for translators and interpreters in Finland. SKTL also publishes and awards grants. SKTL participates actively in international organizations and maintains strong contacts in the translation and interpreting sector worldwide. 

Promotion of interests/lobbying 

SKTL has actively participated in the national and Scandinavian work of influencing the implementation of the Digital Single Market (DSM) Directive. SKTL is represented in numerous expert bodies and councils under the Ministry of Education and Culture. We also have a member in the Boards of the Finnish copyright society Sanasto and Kopiosto as well as Forum Artis, which is a common expert body of all artists in Finland, and an umbrella organization, the Finnish Authors’ Forum (Tekijäfoorumi), via whom we have been working for the DSM directive.

SKTL has actively participated in the work of the Finnish literary copyright society, Sanasto, of lobbying EU and national decision-makers. Sanasto launched a campaign in which translators and writers worked as literary mentors/tutors for the Finnish MPs, which has helped them to understand the work of the literary field. Translators Laura Jänisniemi and our former president Heikki Karjalainen, both SKTL members, have been doing a great job in this project.

The DSM Directive is now passing transposed into national legislation by the Finnish Parliament, and the new Bill is better than the version we were able to comment on in 2021. The new Bill has more similarities with Sweden and Denmark. The new Finnish Copyright Act is estimated to be passed in the beginning of 2023.

A new law on translators’ and writers’ grants is under preparation. SKTL hopes it will remedy the unjust situation where non-fiction writers get only 10% of grants. We hope the Ministry of Culture will raise the sum and that fiction and non-fiction writers and translators would be able to apply for the same amount of grants. Of course, the sum of the grants given to the authors/translators of fiction would have to stay the same.

Education and information for translators 

Information on intellectual property rights has also been in focus last year. The expanding audiobook and e-book market has had a negative impact on literary translators’ contracts and income level. Our legal counselling services have been in frequently demand. In 2021 the income of SKTL literary translator members reached the level of 2016. Meanwhile, our research shows income was a little lower than usual. In 2021 e-books and audiobook sales increased by 29% on 2020. This should be reflected in translators’ fees. Audiobook publishers in Finland are mainly owned by Swedish companies (Storytel, Bookbeat).

SKTL continued its mentoring programme in 2021 despite the Covid pandemic – meetings were held virtually. Mentors guided young translators or newcomers to the profession on good practices when meeting clients, marketing, occupational health, contracts and so on. Both parties were highly satisfied with the programme. New mentors were recruited in early 2020. Interest from both mentors and mentees is still there, albeit not as high as before the pandemic.

The literary translators’ section also organized:

• virtual “translators’ café” meetings for colleagues on different topics, for example presentation of different translator’s residencies, copyrights topics, informal discussions, presentation of the results of translators’ income survey, a visit to the Runokuu/Poetry Month poetry festival

Information to the public 

Several events were intended to inform the public. 

SKTL launched a popular podcast during the Covid years. It is in Finnish and on Spotify:

Our popular Translation Wednesdays continued in 2021, with professional literature journalist Taru Torikka as the interviewer. In the beginning of the pandemic she launched a podcast called “a small quarantine book club”, where she interviews writers and translators.

We maintained our positive visibility campaigns for translators and interpreters in social media. These included #kehukääntäjää, #tykkäystulkille ja #muistakääntäjä (praisethetranslator, likeyourinterpreter, rememberthetranslator). 

 SKTL has had a stand at two Book Fairs in Finland every year, both in Helsinki and Turku. In 2021 a new book fair was launched in Tampere, which SKTL attended. SKTL contributes actively to the fair programmes. SKTL created a high-class programme on the stages:

• Helsinki:

o With FILI – Finnish Literature Exchange, Translated dystopias and feministic dystopias – writer Johanna Sinisalo, translator Lola Rogers (USA), translators Kristiina Drews and Hilkka Pekkanen.

o With the Tammi publishing house, Helene Bützow, translator of Kazuo Ishiguro, on stage.

o With the Tammi and Gummerus publishing houses and Nuoren Voiman Liitto literature association, Amanda Gorman’s poetry and translations, translators Laura Eklund Nhaga and Aura Nurmi with translator Saana Rusi and journalist Mona Eid.

• Tampere:

o With the Tammi publishing house – translator Lotta Toivanen and her translation of Éric Vuillard’s L’Ordre du Jour (Päiväkäsky). The translation won the Finnish J. A. Hollo prize in 2020.

• Turku:

o Translating and subtitling opera librettos, translators Laura Vierimaa and Leena Vallisaari, interviewer translator Aulikki Vuola.

o With the Tammi publishing house, Helene Bützow, translator of Kazuo Ishiguro, on stage.

Some planned events had to be postponed because on the Covid pandemic, but altogether SKTL organized 75 events in 2021. Some of the biggest events in 2021 were:

• The International Translation Day webinar in September (180 attendees)

• KäTu Symposium (ca. 100 attendees)

• Book Fairs

• Finnish–Swedish Translator seminar 

In 2021 we also organized a meeting on the Åland Islands with CEATL and organized some virtual events with the Swedish translators’ association SFÖ (Sveriges Facköversättare).

We are a member of an association established in 2019 called Tekstin talo – Textens Hus – The House of Text. Its goal is to find a suitable room for a new literary house in Helsinki with 9 different literature organizations as members. Tekstin talo received a €200,000 grant from the Kone Foundation for the project start-up.

Translation Prizes 

Two big literature translation prizes in 2021. Both prizes were given online in 2021 due to the pandemic:

• The Mikael Agricola fiction translation prize was awarded to the translator Tero Valkonen for his Finnish translation of David Foster Wallace’s Infinite Jest (Päättymätön riemu, Siltala/Sanavalinta, 2020).

• The J.A. Hollo non-fiction translation prize was awarded to Jussi Palmusaari for his Finnish translation of Emanuele Coccia’s book La vie des plantes: Une métaphysique du mélange (Kasvien elämä. Sekoittumisen metafysiikkaa).

Some recent news from 2022

• The Finnish Parliament decided to award €1 million for the royalites paid for the Finnish public library lending of e-books and audiobooks. (This is a beginning, but the actual sum needed is approximately €3 million– we will continue our work.)

• The Finnish Cultural Foundation (SKR) has revealed a new form of funding for high-class world literature to be translated into Finnish. The foundation hopes that the grant will encourage publishers to commission and publish Finnish translations of 100 landmark works of contemporary world literature. The works to be translated must comprise prose, poetry or essays that are directed at adult readers. (1 million). We of course hope there will be some new translation from Ukrainian as well.

• Our cooperation partner The Finnish Literature Exchange FILI will direct additional funding to the translation of Ukrainian literature into Finnish. (

Timo Tossavainen (TheAssociation of Finnish Non-Fiction Writers)

The pandemic has caused that all events including the meetings of the Board and the general meetings, have been organised online. The same applies also to our courses, lectures, and other activities for the members. However, moving to online has succeeded surprisingly well. For example, our webinars have often received a much larger number of participants than conducting the same lecture physically would ever have.

Our most important tasks include sharing grants and awards to distinguished nonfiction authors (including also authors of learning materials). Here the pandemic has not caused any other limitations, except for that this has not happened in the front of live audience.

Interestingly, the pandemic has not affected nonfiction writers’ interest in the membership; the number of members in our organisation is at the same level as before the pandemic. It is about 3300.

There are many legislative processes going on in Finland that are related to us. An example of this is how Finland implements the DSM directive. Here, and in other similar issues, we collaborate closely with other Finnish literature organisations, the Ministry of Education and Culture, and also with our international partners.

Digitalisation and the audio books are not per se a threat to us, but there is a lot of work to be done to guarantee a reasonable compensation for the authors and the translators. The situation seems to be similar in many other countries, too.

The present president has started in this position in January 2021 and the executive director of the Association, Sanna Haanpää, in November 2019.

Mudite Treimane (Latvian Writers’ Union)

Latvian Writers’ Union unites 279 poets, prose writers, playwrights, literary scholars, critics and translators. Writers’ Union popularizes and supports Latvian literature and its authors and arranges different literary events at the premises of the Union. The Union has its office also in Liepāja (in Kurzeme region). Writers’ Union co-operates with International Writers’ and Translators’ House (Ventspils House).

Latvian Ministry of Culture supports the membership of Latvian Writers’ Union in three international organizations: BWC, EWC and Three Seas. 

The co-operation with Lithuanian and Estonian Writers’ Unions is renewed and very good. 

During the COVID-19 pandemic (2020 – 2021) all literary events took place online – on Zoom

Very popular literary event – organized by Writers’ Union, every year at the beginning of December – isPROSEREADINGS, which lasts for several days in different places in Riga. Latvian writers as well as guest writers of different generations are reading their latest, unpublished works or fragments of them. Guest writers/poets usually are also our colleagues from Estonian and Lithuanian Writers’ Unions. 

The Annual Latvian Literature Award (LALIGABA) is the most important literary award in Latvia organized by Latvian Writers’ Union and Ventspils House. Each year the award goes to Latvian authors for the best prose and poetry book, the best translation of foreign literature into Latvian, and the best debut in literature. Every year the award for lifetime achievements goes to one author.  

Also in2020 and 2021 Latvian Writers’ Union organized Poetry festival(the largest and oldest literary festival in Latvia) – supported by State Cultural Endowment and Riga City Council. The festival programme included readings of young poets, poetry slam, classical poetry evenings, master-classes and readings of foreign guests. The programmes were traditional and experimental ones with many different events, devoted to poetry. The events took place all over the country.

The programme Literary Academy  (with the support of Latvian Ministry of Culture) – carried out by the Writers’ Union – still continues to give the possibilities to authors – eager to go in for prose, poetry and playwriting – to attend courses, lectures, seminars and master-classes. The teachers of the Academy are best and beloved prose writers and poets. The activities are taking place at the premises of Writers’ Union and also in Kurzeme and in Latgale.

Residency Ventspils House is still popular – not only in Latvia but also abroad. 

Ventspils House continues to promote translation of Latvian literature in other languages and attends Book Fairs in Frankfurt, London, Gothenburg, Bologna. 

The House is the organizer of the ceremony of The Annual Latvian Literature Award and The International Jānis Baltvilks Baltic Sea Region Award – the most important literary award for achievements in children’s literature in Latvia.

Malin Kivela (Society of Swedish Authors in Finland ) 

Country report for the past three years:

We just re-elected our relatively new chair, Hannele Mikaela Taivassalo, and Johanna Sandberg, the manager, is also still quite new on the post. With these two, some adjustments, formalizations and organizations of structures have started to happen, a modernization concerning for example the digitalization of the communications, application forms and the monthly letters to the members.

The society has also recently employed a lawyer full time to take care of the authors’ rights and to help us navigate the jungle of EU-directives and such.

Otherwise the DSM-directive is still a hot topic as is the crisis of the cultural field due to the pandemic. FSF conducted a member survey about the authors’ economical situation before the pandemic and then again after, and it showed that the pandemic really affected it, even though we mainly work from home anyway and books still were bought etc.

We have had four different ministers of culture these past years. They change so often that they don’t have a chance to get into the artists’ social and economical realities. Taike, the Arts Council, on the other hand, has stepped in, and worked even more without enough personnel. The culture budget has been cut down. Still we have quite a good situation compared to most countries, but it has to be maintained constantly. Culture and arts tend to be compromised, and especially in times of crisis.

Kazimiera Astratoviene (Lithuanian Association of Literary Translators)

The Lithuanian Association of Literary Translators was founded in 2004, now it has 135 members. It is a member of FIT, CEATL, BWC and many of its activities already became traditional, they are an important part of the cultural life of Vilnius city. 

For example, it is hard to imagine Vilnius Book Fair without the election of the best translated book of the year. This year as many times before experts (literary translators and critics) made the long list of best translated books and presented the best translated book of the year, elected by readers from the long list. This year it was prepared 3 long lists: of translated contemporary literature, classics and humanitarian literature. Many readers are using the long lists for selecting the books, so the competition reached its goal – to help readers select the most significant works of world literature, promote reading. And even to popularize the profession of a literary translator.  

It is also traditional to announce that a year is dedicated to certain literature: we already had Asian literature, Ukrainian literature, Belarussian literature, Hungarian literature, Polish literature, Italian literature years. And 2021 was declared the Year of Greek literature. There were published interviews with translators from Greek, published articles about Greek literature, organized seminars and a workshops for translators from Greek language and many other activities. The whole issue of an online magazine „Hieronymus“ was dedicated to Greek literature and translation. 

The aim of the online magazine „Hieronymus“, that is prepared and published by The Association, is to publish most valuable texts of prose and poetry translated from different languages, focus on the most important literary news, also publish interviews with the translators and translation reviews. It was first published in 2017. In 2020 there was also established a publishing House by that name aimed to publish translated literature of high quality. 

The Lithuanian Assocation of Literary Translators also has many awards for translators and not only them: it‘s St Jerome Awards to a literary translator for his/her translations into the Lithuanian language as well as to a translator from the Lithuanian language; awards to the editor of fiction and humanitarian literature for the lifetime achievements; award to a novice translator for the best translation début; Friends Award which is given to an individual or an organization for contributing substantially to artistic translation during the recent year. 

As every year, there were contucted some seminars and workshops for novice literary translators: this year they were for the translators from French, English Italian and German languages. And a popular competition „I want to be a translator“ was organized. The The seminar for members of the Association about authors rights and contracts also took place.  

GA 2022

Baltic Writers Council (BWC), General Assembly 2022

Time and place: 6–7 May  2022, Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators, Uddens gränd 3, 621 56 Visby, Sweden.

The following representatives of the 14 member organisations from 8 countries were present (altogether 19 persons): Swedish Writers’ Union (Anna-Säflund Orstadius),  The Union of Finnish Writers (Ville Hytönen, Hannu Niklander, Maaria Päivinen), Society of Swedish Authors in Finland (Malin Kivelä, in Zoom), The Finnish Association of Finnish Non-Fiction Writers (Timo Tossavainen), The Finnish Association of Translators and Interpreters (Jenni Kavén), Lithuanian Association of Literary Translators (Kazimiera Astratoviene, in Zoom), Lithuanian Writers’ Union (Marius Burokas), Estonian Writers’ Union (Tiit Aleksejev, Piret Viires, Taivo Mälton),  Latvian Writers’ Union (Mudite Treimane), Polish Assciation of Literary Translators (Anna Klingofer-Szostakowska), The Union of Belarusian Writers (Dmitri Plax, Barys Piatrovich), The Norwegian Association of Literary Translators (Hilde Lyng), The Norwegian Authors’ Union (Heidi Marie Kriznik), Norwegian Writers for Children (Alexander Løken). Lena Pasternak was representing the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators. 

Agenda of the Meeting

Friday May 6th

14.00-18.00 Meeting

Opening of the General Assembly. Short presentation of every participant. 

Approval of the Agenda. Election of the chairperson and secretary of the GA.

Activity report by Kazimiera Astratoviene, the Chair of BWC.

War in Ukraine: what can we do?  

The statement by the chairman The Union of Belarusian Writers Barys Piatrovich

15.30 Coffee break 

Membership questions. Proposal to remove St. Petersburg Writers Union from BWC members list. Membership fee 

BCWT news by Lena Pasternak, director of BCWT. 

Reports from member-organizations.

19.00 Dinner

20.00 Discussions and readings of Ukrainian poetry 

Saturday May 7th

11.00-16.00 Meeting

Treasurer’s report by Mudite Treimane the Treasurer of BWC.

Auditor’s report.

Reports from member-organizations continue.

14.00 Lunch

Reports continue. 

Election of the BWC Board members: Kazimiera Astratoviene (retiring by rotation, not willing to continue), Piret Viires (retiring by rotation, willing to continue), Viveka Sjögren (retiring by rotation, not willing to continue), Malin Kivelä (retiring by rotation, willing to continue), Mudite Treimane (retiring by rotation, willing to continue.)   

Election of members to the Board of the BCWT. 

Election of an auditor. 

Nominations for the board of the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators Centre 

Next year’s cultural event in Visby – Belarusian literature readings. 

Other issues. 

Date of the next GA. 

Closing the GA. 

20.00 Dinner 


1. The Secretary  of BWC Piret Viires  opened the meeting at 14:00 on Friday  May 6 2022. 

2. Lena Pasternak, the director of BCWT greeted the guests. The participants of the meeting shortly presented themselves. 

3. The Agenda of the meeting was approved by the Assembly. 

4. As BWC chairperson Kazimiera Astratoviene and BWC vice chairperson Malin Kivela unfortunately could attend the meeting only via Zoom due to illness, then Piret Viires was elected bothchairperson and secretary for the meeting.

5. The Chairperson of the BWC, Kazimiera Astratoviene, presented the activity report for BWC via Zoom, for the years of 2019–2021:

The last General Assembly of the Baltic Writers Council was arranged in Visby two years ago, in 2019 27th–28th of April. 16 persons representing 12 organisations from 8 countries took part in the meeting.

That year main focus was on organizing next literary event in Visby in 2020. Members of BWC discussed several ideas and decided that the event will be about Belarusian literature. It was a very well-timed decision, because the situation in Belarus concerning violations of freedom of speech and human rights was alarming for a long time and only getting worse. In a year 2020 BWC Board issued two statements condemning violence against the peaceful protesters in Belarus. 

There was formed a working group to prepare the Belarusian literature event, it included Justyna Czechowska (Polish Association of Literary Translators), Dmitri Plax (Union of Belarusian Writers), Tiit Aleksejev (Estonian Writers Union) and Viveka Sjögren (Swedish Writers Union). The working group was responsible for the program of the event and searching for possible funding. Justyna Czechowska with a help of Hilde Lyng, representing Norwegian Association of Literary Translators, contacted Kopinor Foundation and received a grant of 45 000 Norwegian crowns (4500 euros) for the event. That was a very good start. But we didn‘t move any further.   

Unfortunately, Belarusian literature event had to be postponed as well as GA in Visby. For two years, 2020 and 2021, all of us faced harsh reality of a coronavirus pandemic. Lockdowns, keeping social distance, working from home and avoiding social gatherings became a new normal. 

In April 2021 the Board of BWC had a meeting via zoom and decided to organize an informal zoom meeting with a members in order to see each other, say hello, listen to the news of Baltic Writers and Translators Centre and symbolically mark GA. It was decided not to collect the membership fee for a year 2021 as far as GA would not be organized. 

In 2022 the situation concerning covid-19 pandemic eased, it appeared possible to travel and have an annual meeting again and so it was decided to organize GA 2022 in Visby at last, hoping that the corona virus cases won‘t be on the rise again.  

It all seemed well until February 24th when Russia invaded Ukraine and the war started. The Board of BWC immediately issued the statement expressing support for Ukraine and condemning Russian aggression. That was all we could do, but it seemed so not enough. Looking for other ways to help Kopinor Foundation was contacted in order to find out if there is a possibility to donate a grant of 4500 euros to Ukraine in some way. The answer was no, the money can be used only for Belarussian literature event. Willing to focus on situation in Ukraine and express support for Ukrainians The Board made a decision to postpone the Belarusian literature event until 2023 and this year to have a discussion and some poetry readings after the first GA session.

The GA approved the report.

6. War in Ukraine: what can we do?  The BWC members introduced experiences in different countries in helping Ukraine, Ukrainian writers or Ukrainian refugees.

7. The statement by the chairman The Union of Belarusian Writers Barys Piatrovich. Barys Piatrovich gave an overview of the current situation in Belarus and stressed that most of Belarusians are not supporting Russian invasion to Ukraine.  He also informed that the Union of Belarusian Writers was shut down by the government in 2021.

8.  Membership questions. 

Membership questions. New members. Proposal to remove St. Petersburg Writers’ Union from BWC members list. Membership fee.

The GA discussed the application of the Ukrainian Association of Translators and Interpreters to become the member of BWC. The GA decided unanimously to accept the application of Ukrainian Association of Translators and Interpreters  and welcomed it as the new member of BWC. The GA also decided that the Ukrainian Association of Translators and Interpreters is waived to pay the membership fee for the year 2023.

Due to the Russian invasion to Ukraine, the GA decided to suspend St. Petersburg Writers’ Union from the Baltic Writers Council.

The GA decided that the membership fee for the following year will be 200 EUR. Reduction fee will be 150 Euros. 

9. BCWT news by Lena Pasternak, director of BCWT.  Lena Pasternak, director of BCWT, gave an overview of the situation in the centre during the last 3 years in the condition of the COVID-19 pandemic. It was a challenge for the centre, but half of the the centre opened already in the autumn of 2020. There has been various collaboration, with Turkey, Germany and other countries. Some authors arrive with their own scholarships (e.g. Estonians) and also some get scholarships from EU funds. BCWT is a unique centre, the focus of the activities is international, there is no Swedish preference. The BCWT is funded by Gotland and Swedish state. 

10. Reports from member-organizations were decided to present on Saturday. 

The session was ended at about 17.00.

Saturday May 7th, 2022, starting at 11.00

11. Treasurer’s report by Mudite Treimane the Treasurer of BWC. The Treasurer Mudite Treimane presented the finances of 2019 and the budget of 2022. 

Income in 2019 was 18 689 SEK (membership fees), all costs were 24 942 SEK (administration, GA, homepage, roundtable in 2019). Total result was -6243,75 SEK. However, there was surplus from previous years to cover these costs.

The budget proposal for 2022 was 42 000 SEK. 

12. Auditor’s report. The auditors (Johanna Sandberg) found the books in order, finances were used according to the purposes and the board was granted freedom of responsibility.

After hearing the Treasurer’s report and Auditor’s report General Assembly approved unanimously the finances of 2019 and the budget  for 2022. – 42 000 SEK. 

13. Reports from member-organizations. The delegates from each organization presented reports. The delegates were asked to send their reports via e-mail. See Appendix.

The presented reports were the following.

Ville Hytönen (The Union of Finnish Writers) 

Alexander Løken (Norwegian Writers for Children

Heidi Marie Kriznik (Norewgian Author’s Union) 

Hilde Lyng (Norwegian Association of Literary Translators)  

Marius Burokas (Lithuanian Writers’ Union) (kirjutatud)

Tiit Aleksejev (Estonian Writers Union) 

Anna Klingofer-Szosatkowska (Polish Assciation of Literary Translators) 

Barys Piatrovich(The Union of Belarusian Writers) 

Anna-Säflund Orstadius (Swedish Writers Union) 

Jenni Kaven(Finnish Association of Translators and Interpreters) 

Lunch 14-15

Reports from member-organizations (continued). See Appendix.

Timo Tossavainen (The Finnish Association of Finnish Non-Fiction Writers)

Mudite Treimane (Latvian Writers’ Union)

Malin Kivela (Society of Swedish Authors in Finland ) 

Kazimiera Astratoviene (Lithuanian Association of Literary Translators)

14. Election of Baltic Writers Council board members. 

Election of the BWC Board members: Kazimiera Astratoviene (retiring by rotation, not willing to continue), Piret Viires (retiring by rotation, willing to continue), Viveka Sjögren (retiring by rotation, not willing to continue), Malin Kivelä (retiring by rotation, willing to continue), Mudite Treimane (retiring by rotation, willing to continue).   

As the result of the elections Malin Kivela (Finland), Piret Viires (Estonia), Mudite Treimane (Latvia), Hilde Lyng (Norway) and Anna-Säflund Orstadius (Sweden) were elected to the board. 

As the result the board of Baltic Writers Council is the following:

Malin Kivelä (chairperson), Piret Viires (secretary), Mudite Treiemane (treasurer), Hilde Lyng (vice chairman),  Anna-Säflund Orstadius (regular member).

15. Election of Auditors.

Johanna Sandberg and  Anna Klingofer-Szostakowska were elected as auditors.

16. Nominations for the board of the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators Centre for the 2 years.

As the result of the elections Marius Burokas and Ville Hytönen were nominated to the board of the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators.  Anna Klingofer-Szostakowska and Mudite Treimane were elected as deputies. 

17. Next year’s cultural event in Visby – Belarusian literature readings.  The working group consisting of Dmitri Plax, Anna Säflund-Orstadius, Tiit Aleksejev, Hilde Lyng and Anna Klingofer-Szostakowska will continue to prepare the event. 

18. Other issues.

There were no other issues proposed by the GA.

19. Date of the next GA.

The GA decided that the next assembly will be on 5-7 May 2023.

20. Closing the GA. 

The GA was closed at 16.00

Piret Viires,  Chairperson and Secretary

Statement regarding war in ukraine

Dear colleagues, 
on a behalf of the Baltic Writers’ Council we totally condemn Russia’s recent invasion of Ukraine. Our solidarity stands firmly with the people of Ukraine as well as our fellow writers and translators. We hope for immediate peace and reason in this regretful situation.
Board of the Baltic Writers’ Council

open letter of Belarusian literary community regarding 100 days of peaceful protests in Belarus

Stop the violence! Accept the will of the people!

We, Belarusan literati, express our deep concern about the fact that for the last 100 days in our country there has been an ongoing escalation of violent acts on the part of power structures and government officials against citizens who participate in peaceful protests and solidarity actions.

For more than forty years, none of European states has seen such scales of mass repressions. During these 100 days, about 30,000 people have been arrested, more than 4,000 people have been mauled, about 1,000 unmotivated criminal cases have been started, and 8 people have been killed. The state ignores fundamental human rights. The state does not initiate criminal cases against those who are responsible for murdering and mauling innocent people. There are cases when detained people are tied up and then beaten, which is prohibited by world legal practices even in relation to prisoners of war. The authorities openly order to expel students from educational establishments and to fire all employees who do not support the state policy, which is a direct infringement of the current Constitution of the Republic of Belarus.

The escalation of violence, the expansion of impunity, and the deprivation of the Belarusans of their basic constitutional rights will result in a deep long-term national crisis in all spheres of public life: economic default, international isolation – Belarus will fall down to the bottom of the civilizational rating.

We bow to the courage and persistence of the Belarusan nation, we present our condolences to everybody who has suffered and lost their relatives, and we address to the authorities, heads of state structures, and officials who have preserved their sober mind, with the demand: while you have not thrown the country down to the abyss of violence and all-encompassing crisis yet – immediately stop the mass repressions! Stop torturing people who want changes, admit your defeat and accept the will of the people!

17 November 2020

Regarding recent events in belarus

Watching recent events in Belarus it becomes clear that they need immediate international attention and reaction. Every voice speaking about it loudly now is important. We as a Baltic Writers Council (BWC) uniting 21 literary organization in the Baltic region and realizing the commitment that writers and translators have to the promotion of democracy, peace and freedom of speech feel eager and obliged to express our position about the situation in Belarus.

For the past 26 years, the dictator Aleksandr Lukashenko has been the President of Belarus. Over the course of his presidency, he suppressed the opposition by putting them in prison or forcing them to exile. On August 9th, 2020, another presidential “election” took place. Many of Lukashenko’s opponents were either imprisoned on the basis of fabricated allegations, or had to flee the country. But Svetlana Tikhanovskaya was allowed to run for presidency. The regime hoped to use her as a puppet to make the elections look legitimate. She managed to unite opposition and the people of Belarus voted for her.

There are hundreds of pieces of evidence proving that the absolute majority of people voted for Svetlana. Some polling stations published real results in which Lukashenko had fewer than 5%, and Tikhanovskaya at least 70%. People were queueing to vote, but thousands were not able to. Innumerable violations were witnessed and documented. The government’s official statement was exactly the opposite – saying that Lukashenko won the elections.

The night after the election, tens of thousands of protesters took to the streets all around the country for peaceful demonstrations against illegitimate elections. The police and Special Forces met them violently. They used stun grenades, rubber bullets, and batons against unarmed citizens. Many people have been detained, thousands were beaten, journalists were not allowed to cover the events, and some of them have been imprisoned. The internet was cut off. Peaceful demonstrations continue until now, the protesters are brutally beaten and tortured in prison. But people don’t want to stop or give up. More and more protesters keep coming out to the streets. National strikes began.

We condemn the illegitimate elections, violations of the freedom of speech and human rights in Belarus, the state’s violence against its own peaceful citizens in the streets of Belarus and in detention centres. Dictator Aleksandr Lukashenko must step down and Svetlana Tikhanovskaya must be declared the rightful President of Belarus. This is the only way for Belarus and the international community must do everything that is possible to help. Our heart goes to the peaceful protesters, strikers and all the people of Belarus, affected by this adversity. We hope and pray for a democratic, peaceful and free Belarus in the nearest future.

The Board of the BWC

Baltic Writers Council (BWC), General Assembly 2019

Time and place: 27–28 April 2019, Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators, Uddens gränd 3, 621 56 Visby, Sweden.

The following representatives of the 12 member organisations were present: Swedish Writers’ Union (Anna-Säflund Orstadius),  The Union of Finnish Writers (Hannu Niklander), Society of Swedish Authors in Finland (Malin Kivelä), The Finnish Association of Finnish Non-Fiction Writers (Anna Rutanen, Satu Lundelin), The Finnish Association of Translators and Interpreters (Taina Helkamo), Lithuanian Association of Literary Translators (Kazimiera Astratoviene), Lithuanian Writers’ Union (Marius Burokas), Estonian Writers’ Union (Tiit Aleksejev, Piret Viires, Ingrid Velbaum-Staub),  Latvian Writers’ Union (Mudite Treimane), Polish Assciation of Literary Translators (Justyna Czechowska), The Union of Belarusian Writers (Dmitri Plax, Barys Piatrovich), The Norwegian Association of Literary Translators (Hilde Lyng). Lena Pasternak was representing the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators.

Saturday April 27st 2019

Agenda of the General Assembly

11.00-16.00 Meeting with a lunch break

  • Opening of the General Assembly. Short presentation of every participant.
  • Approval of the Agenda.
  • Election of the chairperson and the secretary of the GA.
  • Activity report by Kazimiera Astratovienė, the chair of BWC.
  • Literary event in Visby in 2020: new ideas and possibilities.   
  • Membership questions. Membership fee for the following year.
  • BCWT news by Lena Pasternak, director of BCWT.
  • Reports from member-organizations (each report max. 5 min).


  1. The Chairperson of BWC Kazimiera Astratoviene opened the meeting at 11:00 on Saturday April 27 2019.

The participants of the meeting shortly presented themselves.

Justyna Czechowska passed on the greetings from Halyna Kruk from Ukraine. The Ukrainian organisation is not ready with their papers to apply for the membership of BWC.

2. The Agenda of the meeting was approved by the Assembly. Lunch at 13.

3. Kazimiera Astratoviene was elected chairperson for the meeting, Piret Viires was elected secretary.

4. The Chairperson of the BWC, Kazimiera Astratoviene, presented the activity report for BWC, for the year of 2018:

The General Assembly of 2018 for the Baltic Writers Council was arranged on 21st–22nd of April in Visby, Gotland. 16 persons representing 12 organisations from 8 countries took part in the meeting.

In the afternoon of the first GA session literary event named „Open House in Visby“ was held. It was the most important issue for the BWC Board to organize this event and to say the truth it exceeded all expectations. It was planned to be a minor event with few participants therefore organized in the Centre‘s House after the first session of GA, but it appeared to be a real literary feast that went on for about 3 hours. 9 writers and translators from 6 different countries were reading their texts to the public. Key-note speaker and invited guest was Ukrainian poet, translator and children‘s book writer Halyna Kruk, she delivered a speech „Last trends in contemporary Ukrainian literature: art and human experiences of war.“ I will not go into further details, the program of the event is on our webpage.

It is also important to note that for the first time BWC GA decided to take another approach for organizing the event and especially looking for its finances. Instead of writing numerous applications throughout the year and applying to different funds the Board asked BWC members for support. BWC member-organizations were asked to invite poets, writers and translators and to cover their travel and accommodation costs. They were also asked to donate money for the event that could be used for travel, accommodation and honorariums of those whose organizations weren‘t able to pay. Thus BWC received a donation: The Society of Swedish Authors in Finland, The Union of Finnish Writers, The Association of Finnish Non-fiction Writers supported the event financially – each of these organizations donated 1000 euros, so at last we had a budget of 3000 euros. It was such a good experience to find strength and support inside BWC that it can be seen as valuable lesson for the future activities.

Coming back to GA 2018, one of its decisions was to organize a Round table discussion dedicated to the situation of literary translators in the Baltic region. In order to do so was created a working group inside BWC, together with the Board it prepared an invitation for the members to send their representatives to the Round table covering the price of their travel and accommodation. Again it proved that BWC is an active organization important for its members – yesterday we listened to 10 Round table participants representing 9 different member-organizations. More about Round table you will hear in next year‘s activity report, but this year I would only like to point out, how significant it was to have someone from Iceland and from Norway in the discussion! We haven‘t seen anybody from these countries for quite some time and it‘s essential to BWC to keep in contact with all of its members at all times.   

The GA approved the report.

5. Literary event in Visby in 2020: new ideas and possibilities

The GA discussed several ideas about the possible literary event in Visby in 2020 and decided that the next literary event will be about Belorusian literature.

The GA formed a working group to prepare this literary event: Justyna Czechowska, Dmiti Plax, Tiit Aleksejev, Viveka Sjögren. The working group will be responsible for the program and searching for possible funding.

6. Membership questions.

5.1. New and old members. Ukrainian writers are not organised yet, but are interested in becoming a member of BWC. Danish Writers Union are not members; we will work on it to ask them back.

The organisations of Norway and Iceland are back. They have paid all the time.

5.2. Membership fee.

Proposal: to raise the membership fee to 200 euros. Reduction fee will be 150 Euros.

Vote: 10 – for raising the fee, 1 – against, 1 – neutral

The GA decided that the membership fee will be raised to 200 euros.

7. BCWT news by Lena Pasternak, director of BCWT.

During 2018 200 writers stayed at the centre, representing 32 countries, altogether 3000 guest days.  85% residents were from the Baltic Sea countries, 15% other countries, incl. Africa, Canada, China. There have been also writers from Syria, Afghanistan, Iran. 

The stay for the writers is free. There is a good cooperation with Estonian Writers Union which is offering scholarships for staying in Visby. The same is with German translators’ organisation. Swedish Institute is supporting the stay of Belarusian writers. The BCWT has no European funding at the moment.

In 2018 the house was renovated. The renovating was covered by Gotland County. Windows and floors were renovated; it was the refreshment that was needed.

Several seminars, workshops and project were organised and are ongoing. E.g. a project about “Multilingual literature and readers” organised with Uppsala university; Swedish-Lithuanian translation workshop etc.

The has also been active collaboration with schools from Gotland. 

The webpage of the Centre is in the renewals process. BCWT  is a member of network of centres RECIT.

Summing up, BWTC is a centre for cultural diplomacy, cultural exchange. The strength of the centre – it is a house built by writers and translators, it is a place to visit for work and contemplation.

.Lunch 13-14

Results of the working group.

Thw working group proposed the following schedule; first ideas until the end of May 2019. All materials should be ready by March 2020. The literary event should concentrate on 3 main topics – Belorusian language, literature and translation.

8. Reports from member-organizations. The delegates from each organization presented reports. A few reports were left for tomorrow’s session. The delegates were asked to send their reports via e-mail. See Appendix.

7. 1. Justyna Czechowska (Polish Association of Literary Translators )

7.2. Taina Helkamo (The Finnish Association of Translators and Interpreters).

7.3. Anne Rutanen and Satu Lundelin (The Association of Finnish Non-Fiction Writers)

7.4. Hannu Niklander (Finnish Writers Union)

Another concern for Finnish Writers Union is the status of national languages in Finland. A standpoint has been sent to newspapers that national languages – Finnish, Swedish, Saami – are loosing their position for English.

Tiit Aleksejev remarked that the same problem is in Estonia and Anne Rutanen said that for non-fiction writers in Finland this has already happened.

There was a discussion about the role of national languages in Baltic sea countries. The GA expressed a mutual concern about the situation.

7.5. Tiit Aleksejev (Estonian Writers Union)

7. 6. Marius Burokas (Lithuanian Writers Union)

7.7. Barys Piatrovich (The Union of Belarusian Writers)

7. 8. Malin Kivelä (Society of Swedish Authors in Finland)

7.9. Hilde Lyng (Norwegian Association of Literary Translators)

The session was ended at about 16.00.

The GA was resumed on Sunday April 28th 2019 at 10:00.

Sunday April 28th 2019


  • Reports from member-organizations continues.
  • Treasurer’s report by Mudite Treimane the Treasurer of BWC.
  • Auditor’s report.
  • Election of the BWC Board members: Kazimiera Astratoviene (retiring by rotation, willing to continue), Piret Viires (retiring by rotation, willing to continue), Viveka Sjögren (retiring by rotation, willing to continue).
  • Election of an auditor. 
  • Nominations for the board of the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators
  • Other issues.
  • Date of the next GA.
  • Closing the GA.
  • Reports from the member organisations. See Appendix.

8.1. Anna-Säflund Orstadius (Swedish Writers’ Union) 

8.2. Kazimiera Astratoviene (Lithuanian Association of Literary Translators)

9.  Teasurer’s report by Mudite Treimane the Treasurer of BWC. The Treasurer Mudite Treimane presented the finances of 2018 and the budget of 2020.

The income of 2018 was 31 500,81 SEK, the expenses of 2018 was 19 397.

There is surplus 12 039 SEK from the year 2017, and a surplus of 12103,18 SEK from the year 2018, surplus TOTAL 24 142,93.

The literary event’s costs were covered by donations from the Association of Non-fiction writers’ 9740,10 SEK, the Society of Swedish Authors in Finland 9835,60 SEK, The Union of Finnish Writers 9725,40 SEK, total 29 301,10. The costs of organising the literary event “Open House in Visby” was 29 301,10 SEK. The balance was 0.

Income were more than planned, the debts have been paid. Membership fee – 2018, 1 member has not paid; 2019, 11 members have not paid – but they will pay during the second half of the year.

GA the costs a little bit bigger than planned. There were travel expenses included.

Literary event’s costs were covered by donations, they were enough.

The economy is stable, 78 379 SEK is in the bank account.

The board proposed the budget for 2020 – BWC activities 40 000 SEK (income membership fees). Expenses in the budget: Administration 10 000 SEK, General Assembly 16 000 SEK, Homepage 1000 SEK, Literary event: 13 000. TOTAL: 40 000

10. Auditor’s report. The auditors were Justyna Czechowska and Johanna Sandberg. Justyna Czechowska presented the Auditor’s report. The auditor found the books in order, finances were used according to the purposes and the board was granted freedom of responsibility.

After hearing the Treasurer’s report and Auditor’s report General Assembly approved unanimously the finances of 2018 and the budget  for 2020. – 40 000 SEK.

11.  Reports from member organizations continued. See Appendix.

11.1.  Mudite Treimane (Latvian Writers´ Union)

12. Election of Baltic Writers Council board members.

Election of the BWC Board members: Kazimiera Astratoviene (retiring by rotation, willing to continue), Piret Viires (retiring by rotation, willing to continue), Viveka Sjögren (retiring by rotation, willing to continue).

As the result of the elections Kazimiera Astratoviene, Piret Viires and Viveka Sjögren Malin Kivelä were elected to the board.

13. Election of Auditors.

Johanna Sandberg is continuing and  Justyna Czechowska was elected auditor.

14. Nominations for the board of the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators Centre for the 2 years.

As the result of the elections Marius Burokas and Dmitri Plax were nominated to the board of the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators.  Malin Kivela and Mudite Treimane were elected as deputies.

15. Other issues.

Justyna Czechowska summed up the round table about translation and concluded that it had been successful and the aim of the round table was met.

It was decided that the working group will prepare a manifesto stressing the importance of literary translations and it will be sent to the members.

Open discussion about the role of BWC.

Kazimiera Astratoviene informed the GA about the board’s decision about the next year’s literary event. The board decided if there will be not enough donations, the literary event will be of a smaller scale according to the available finances.

The GA agreed with this decision.

16. Date of the next GA.

The GA decided that the next assembly will be on 24-26th April 2020.

17. Closing the GA.

The GA was closed at 13.07

Kazimiera Astratoviene                                              Piret Viires

Chairperson                                                                                      Secretary

Representing 21 literary organizations, 12 countries and 17 000 members